2006-10-31 14:10:01    博士教育网  
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    安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families
    按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost
    按揭贷款 mortgage loan
    按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance
    暗亏 hidden loss
    奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult


    巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse
    把握大局 grasp the overall situation
    白色行情表 white sheet
    白手起家 starting from scratch
    摆架子 put on airs
    拜年 pay New Year call
    搬迁户 relocated families
    半拉子工程 uncompleted project
    棒球运动记者 scribe
    包干到户 work contracted to households
    包工包料 contract for labor and materials
    保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy
    保持国有股 keep the State-held shares
    保健食品 health-care food
    保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area
    保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas
    保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings
    北欧投资银行 Nordic Investment Bank
    本本主义 bookishness
    《本草纲目》 Compendium of Materia Medica
    本垒打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip
    本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches
    奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life
    蹦击 bungee, bungee jumping
    逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives
    闭门羹 given cold-shoulder
    边际报酬 marginal return
    边缘科学 boundary science
    标书 bidding documents
    表演赛 demonstration match
    剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody
    补缺选举 by-election
    布达拉宫 Potala Palace
    不败记录 clean record, spotless record
    不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force
    不打不成交 No discord, no concord.
    《不见不散》 Be there or be square.
    不良贷款 non-performing loan
    不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city
    不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency
    步行天桥 foot bridge


    擦边球 edge ball, touch ball
    擦网球 net ball
    采取高姿态 show magnanimity
    菜篮子工程 shopping basket program
    参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs
    层层转包和违法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting
    差额投票 differentail voting
    差额选举 competitive election
    茶道 sado
    拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul
    禅 dhyana
    产粮大省 granary province
    产品结构 product mix
    产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management
    产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order
    产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing
    长二捆 LM-2E
    长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe
    畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"
    唱高调 mouth high-sounding words
    超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer
    超前消费 overconsuming, excessive consumption
    城市规划 city's landscaping plan
    城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas
    吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"
    抽杀成功 hit through
    筹备委员会 preparatory committee
    出风头 show off;in the limelight
    出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports
    出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods
    出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports
    出家 pravrajana; cloister
    创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city
    春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program
    《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals
    从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy
    促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy
    存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits


    "达标"活动 "target hitting" activities
    打白条 issue IOU
    打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering
    打破僵局 break the deadlock
    打顺手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove
    大包干 all-round responsibility system
    大轰动 blockbuster
    大力扣杀 hammer
    大路货 staple goods
    大满贯 grand slam
    大款 tycoon
    大排挡 sidewalk snack booth
    大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all
    大胜 white wash
    大腕 top notch
    大要案 major and serious criminal cases
    大专生 junior college student
    大专文凭 associate degree
    大藏经 Tripitaka
    带薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits
    待岗 await job assignment, post-waiting
    待业 job-waiting
    单循环制 single round-robin system
    盗用公款 embezzlement
    单刀赴会 start a solo run
    倒计时 countdowm
    倒爷 profiteer
    等外品 off-grade goods, rejects
    第二产业 secondary industry
    第一发球权 first inning
    第一发球员 first server
    第一双打 first pair
    地方保护主义 regional protectionism
    地方财政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances
    地区差异 regional disparity
    点子公司 consultancy company
    电话号码升位 upgrade telephone number
    电话会议 teleconference
    电视直销 TV home shopping
    吊球 drop shot
    吊销执照 revoke license
    定向培训 training for specific posts
    豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project
    独立核算工业企业 independent accounting unit(enterprise)
    "渡假外交" holiday-making diplomacy
    短期债务 floating debt
    对外招商 attract foreign investment
    队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband
    多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power
    多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)
    夺冠 take the crown


    恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation
    二板市场(创业板市场) second board on the country's stock market
    二流选手 scrub, second-rater


    发展不平衡 disparate development
    法治国家 a country under the rule of law
    法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system
    翻两番 quadruple
    反败为胜 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire
    防洪工程 flood-prevention project
    放高球 lob
    飞行药检 spot check
    费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes
    分流 reposition of redundant personnel
    分期付款 installment payment
    (产品)分销 subunderwriting, distribution
    锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash
    封闭式基金 close-ended fund
    封杀出局 force out
    “封圣” canonization of "Saints"
    福利彩票 welfare lotteries
    福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system
    扶贫 poverty alleviation
    覆盖率 coverage rate
    复式住宅 compound apartment


    改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.
    干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent
    高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue
    高产优质 high yield and high quality
    高级商务师 Certified Business Executive
    高难度动作 stunner, stunt
    高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone
    (公路)隔离带 median
    根本政治制度 fundamental political system
    个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment
    "各就位" "On your marks!"
    跟踪审计 follow-up auditing
    工商局 industrial and commercial bureau
    工业园区 industrial park
    公积金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds
    公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds
    公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open
    共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party
    国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components
    国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense
    国际惯例 international common practice
    《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune
    国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems
    国家一级保护 first-grade State protection
    国库券 treasury bonds
    过度开垦 excess reclamation


    海湾战争综合症 the complexities of the Gulf War
    豪赌 unrestrained gambling
    好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.
    好出风头的运动员 exhibitionist, grandstander
    好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster
    "好球" "Strike"
    合理引导消费 guide rational consumption
    合议庭 collegiate bench
    黑店 gangster inn
    宏观调控 macro-control efforts
    红包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (贬) bribe, kickback
    环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim
    后防空虚 leave the defense exposed
    胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)
    虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.
    户口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system
    户主 head of a household
    护身法宝 amulet
    华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele
    华盖 canopy
    "坏球" "Ball"
    还俗 resume secular life, unfrock
    "黄、赌、毒" pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking
    黄金时段 prime time
    挥棒 swing
    挥棒不中 fan
    灰色收入 income from moonlighting
    汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation
    婚外恋 extramarital love
    活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn.
    货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation


    机构臃肿  overstaffing in organizations (government)
    基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.
    基本国情 fundamental realities of the country
    基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level
    基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level
    绩优股 blue chip
    激烈竞争 cut-throat competition
    吉祥物 mascot
    缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling
    集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony
    集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development
    计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning
    计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)
    记者席 press box
    技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers
    嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest
    加班 work extra shifts
    加密 encrypt
    加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
    家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system
    假唱 lip-synch
    假动作 deception, feint
    甲骨文 inscriptions on oracle bones
    假日经济 holiday economy
    坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences
    监督部门 watchdog
    尖端产品 highly sophisticated products
    剪彩 cut the ribbon
    剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ...
    减负 alleviate burdens on sb.
    减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency
    讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating
    脚踩两只船 sit on the fence
    脚踏实地 be down-to-earth
    侥幸球 fluke
    接口 interface
    解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces
    解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts
    结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales
    戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center
    戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience
    金本位 gold standard
    金边债券 gilt-edged bonds
    金刚经 Vajra Sutra|
    金降落伞 golden parachute
    紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase
    紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises
    紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail
    近海渔业 offshore fishery
    进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade
    进口渗透 import penetration
    禁渔期 closed fishing seasons
    禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment
    经常项目顺差favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account
    经常性贷款 commercial lending
    经常性支出 running expenses
    经济林 cash tree
    经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system
    精简机构 streamline government organs
    京剧票友 Peking Opera fan
    景泰蓝 cloisonné
    劲射 power shot
    竣工式 completion ceremony


    卡丁车 kart
    开放式基金 open-ended fund
    开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity
    坎儿井 karez
    抗美援朝战争 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea
    抗震棚 quake-proof shelter
    考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools
    科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements
    科技含量 technology content
    科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.
    科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation
    可持续发展 sustainable development
    空头支票 accommodation note, lip service
    控股公司 holding company
    扣帽子 put a label on
    跨实际工程 a trans-century project
    亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit
    困难职工 the needy
    国民党 Kuomintang


    垃圾债券 junk bond
    拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth
    拉拉队 cheering squad
    拉拉队长 cheer-leader, rooter king
    拉关系 try to curry favor with
    劳动合同制 labor contract system
    老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise
    "篱笆墙" barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading
    礼仪小姐 ritual girl
    利改税  substitution of tax payment for profit delivery
    利基 niche
    立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture
    联合联络小组 joint liaison group
    廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government
    廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness
    联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises
    联合投标 syndicated tender
    联想集团 Legend Group
    练摊 to be a vendor
    粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies
    粮油关系:grain and oil rationing registration
    两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation
    两弹一艇 A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine
    "两个对等的政治实体" "two equal political entities
    两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress
    "两思"(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence
    老少边穷地区 former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas
    猎头公司 head-hunting company
    临时主教练 caretaker coach
    领头羊 bellwether
    留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary
    留学咨询:consulting on the study abroad
    流动人口 transient population
    乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises
    乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines
    《论语》 Analects of Confucius
    裸机:bare mobile phone
    绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate
    绿化 afforestation


    满意度 degree of satisfaction
    盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside
    帽子戏法 hat trick
    买一送一 two-for-one offer, buy one get one free
    门前三包 be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building
    朦胧诗 misty poetry
    民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities
    民进党 Democratic Progressive Party
    民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation
    民族凝聚力 national cohesion
    民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission
    明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题)transparent consumption
    磨洋工 dawdle along


    纳米 nanometer
    囊括 complete a sweep
    耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)
    南水北调 South-to-North water diversion
    能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people
    能上网的手机 WAP phone
    内耗 in-fighting
    年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis
    年夜饭 family reunion dinner
    扭转局面 reverse the tide, turn the table
    农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labour (labourers)



    跑龙套 utility man
    泡沫经济 bubble economy
    配股 allotment of shares
    配套政策 supporting policies
    碰钉子 get snubbed
    疲软股票 soft stock
    皮包公司 bogus company
    票贩子 scalper, ticket tout
    骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage
    贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor
    瓶颈制约 “bottleneck”restrictions
    扑网 rush-up, rushing


    起跑器 block
    千代田寿险公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co.
    抢跑 false start, beat the gun
    亲民党 People First Party
    屈体 jackknife, pike
    全能冠军 all-around winner
    全球通 global system for mobile communications
    拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster


    绕圈子 beat around the bush
    人才流失brain drain
    人浮于事 overstaffing
    人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI)
    人机交互 human-computer interaction
    人类免疫缺陷病毒Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)
    人情债 debt of gratitude
    任意球 free kick
    融资渠道 financing channels
    入水时水花很少 clean entry
    软新闻 soft news


    三八线 38th Parallel
    三步走战略 the three-step development strategy
    三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism
    "三个代表" "three represents" theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)
    三个有利于 "three favorables" (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards
    三好学生 merit student
    "三讲"教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) "three emphases" education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)
    三角债 chain debt
    三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits
    三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling"; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)
    三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers
    三字经 three-character scripture
    "扫黄"、"打非" eliminate pornography and illegal publications
    《山海经》the Classic of Mountains and Rivers
    商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureaubar code
    上市 to be listed
    少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee
    社会热点问题 hot spots of society
    社会治安情况 public security situation
    审时度势 size up the situation
    渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities
    《生死抉择》 "Live or Die"
    生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture
    失学儿童 dropout实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
    实体经济 the real economy
    实现中华民伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
    实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to
    实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people
    实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life
    市场疲软 sluggish market
    市场准入 market access
    适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy
    适销对路的产品  readily marketable products
    手机入网费 mobile access fee
    受灾地区 disaster-affected are
    售后服务 after-sale services
    树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image
    涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton
    双刃剑 double-edged sword
    水货 smuggled goods
    水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting
    思乡曲 Nostalgia
    思想僵铁 fossilized concept
    四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought
    素质教育 education for all-around development


    弹性外交 elastic diplomacy
    套利 arbitrage
    提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products)
    铁饭碗 iron rice bowl
    统一市场 single market
    统一税 flat tax, consolidated tax
    同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen
    筒子楼:tube-shaped apartment
    偷税漏税 tax evasion
    偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes
    投手 pitcher
    透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence
    团身 bunch up the body
    推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements
    退耕还林还草 grain for green
    脱贫 cast off poverty
    脱手 release grip


    汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks)
    网络出版 online publishing
    网上冲浪surf the Internet
    稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority
    维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation
    伪劣产品 fake and shoddy products
    卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion
    屋顶花园 roof garden
    无氟冰箱  freon-free refrigerator 
    无人售票 self-service ticketing
    无线应用协议 WAP(wireless applicationse brawn rather than brain
    与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market
    舆论导向 direction of public opinion
    舆论监督 supervision by public opinion
    冤假错案 cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases
    圆寂 Parinirvana
    缘分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together
    远景计划 long-term development targets
    运球 dribble


    "宰人" rip off
    在职博士生 on-job doctorate
    再贷款 re-lending; subloan
    再就业服务中心 re-employment service center
    藏学 Tibetology
    糟粕 dross
    早恋 puppy love
    造假帐 falsified accounts
    斋月 Ramadan
    债转股 debt-to-equity swap
    沾光 benefit from one's association
    站票 standing-room-only ticket
    涨落线 advance balance line
    朝阳产业 sunrise industry
    招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project
    正式照会 formal note
    政府搭台,部门推动,企业唱戏 Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show.
    政府上网工程Government Online Project
    政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up
    政企分开 separate government functions from enterprise management
    政务公开 make government affairs public
    知识产权 intellectual property rights
    知识经济 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy
    致命要害 Achilles' heel
    掷钱猜先 toss
    《中华人民共和国消费者权益保护法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests
    中流砥柱 mainstay, chief corner stone
    中美战略核武器互不瞄准对方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other
    中央大型企业工委:Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises
    中央商务区 central business district (CBD)
    重点发展 prioritize
    主体经济 the mainstay of the economy
    主持人 anchorperson
    住房分配货币化进程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation
    助跑 approach run, run-up
    抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves
    抓住机遇 seize the opportunity
    转化机制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms
    转基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food)追平 produce the equalizer
    转体 truck rotation, turn, twist
    撞线 breast the tape
    追赶型和跨越式发展 pursuant and leap-forward development
    资产保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value
    资产阶级自由化 bourgeois liberalization
    资源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources
    《资治通鉴》 History as a Mirror
    自律机制 the self-discipline system
    自我保护意识 self-protection awareness
    自由港 free-trade port,free port
    综合国力 comprehensive national strength
    综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN)
    综合治理 comprehensive treatment
    遵纪守法、廉洁奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official dutie

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